Division of Criminal Justice Services

Use of Force Reporting

State law requires every police department and county sheriff's office to report any occurrence in which a police officer or peace officer employs the use of force under the following circumstances:

  • When an officer engages in conduct which results in the death or serious bodily injury of another person. Serious bodily injury is defined as bodily injury that involves a substantial risk of death, unconsciousness, protracted and obvious disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty.
  • In the absence of either death or serious bodily injury, when one of the following is initiated by an officer:
    • brandishes, uses or discharges a firearm at or in the direction of another person;
    • uses a chokehold or similar restraint that applies pressure to the throat or windpipe of a person in a manner that may hinder breathing or reduce intake of air;
    • displays, uses or deploys a chemical agent, including, but not limited to, oleoresin capsicum, pepper spray or tear gas;
    • brandishes, uses or deploys an impact weapon, including, but not limited to, a baton or billy; or
    • brandishes, uses or deploys an electronic control weapon, including, but not limited to, an electronic stun gun, flash bomb, or long range acoustic device.

Please Note:The Division of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) is not authorized to provide legal advice; however, it may provide general information. DCJS is responsible for collecting, maintaining and reporting use of force information. DCJS does not make any officer or officer employer discretion determinations regarding this data, as such decisions are reserved for the officer or the officer’s employer. Accordingly, you may wish to contact your county attorney, or other legal counsel, for any specific or legal questions that you may have.

Reference Materials

Use of Force – Questions and Answers (June 2022) – Provides answers to questions that DCJS has received on Use of Force Reporting.

NYS Use of Force and Arrest Related Death Data Entry Interface User Guide (April 2023) - This document provides instruction on completing and submitting incidents involving Use of Force and Arrest Related Deaths to the New York State Crime Reporting program via the Integrated Justice Portal (IJPortal) interface.

New York State Municipal Police Training Council Use of Force Model Policy (September 2020)

Use of Force Regulations (originally effective July 11, 2019; as revised and effective November 1, 2020)

Reporting Alerts

Arrest-Related Death Reporting Requirement (issued December 2021) – Information on reporting arrest-related deaths and the associated report that DCJS is required to publish.

IJ Portal Use of Force reporting interface to go live on December 1, 2020 (issued October 2020) - Information and User Guide on Use of Force reporting through the Integrated Justice Portal (IJ Portal).

Use of Force Data Collection Reporting Alert (issued July 2019): Additional information about the requirement mandated by state Executive Law 837-t.