Logic Model for Program Development

Logic Model: A graphic representation that clearly identifies and lays out the logical relationships between program conditions (needs), activities, outcomes and impacts.


A Universal Example:

CONDITIONS
(Needs or Problems)
Right Arrow, Next ACTIVITIES Right Arrow, Next OUTCOMES Right Arrow, Next IMPACTS
 
HEADACHE Right Arrow, Next TAKE ASPIRIN Right Arrow, Next HEADACHE CURED Right Arrow, Next MORE PRODUCTIVE
(Less Grouchy)

 


Evaluation Framework

CONDITIONS
(Needs or Problems)
Right Arrow, Next PROGRAM
ACTIVITIES
Right Arrow, Next INTENDED
OUTCOMES
Right Arrow, Next DESIRED
IMPACTS
NEEDS ASSESSMENT
(What problems do you want to address?)
Right Arrow, Next PROCESS EVALUATION
(What did you do?)
Right Arrow, Next OUTCOME EVALUATION
(Did you achieve your objectives?)
Right Arrow, Next IMPACT EVALUATION
(What effect did it have on your long-term goals?)

 


An Example Using the Title V Program

CONDITIONS
(Needs or Problems)
Right Arrow, Next PROGRAM
ACTIVITIES
Right Arrow, Next INTENDED
OUTCOMES
Right Arrow, Next DESIRED
IMPACTS
LACK OF COMMITMENT TO SCHOOL

OBJECTIVES:
Increased attendance, graduation and parental involvement
Right Arrow, Next ALTERNATIVE EDUCATION PROGRAM Right Arrow, Next INCREASED
Daily Attendance
Graduation Rates
Parental Involvement
Right Arrow, Next REDUCED
Substance Abuse
Delinquency
Teen Pregnancy
INCREASED
Favorable Attitutdes Toward School

Benefits of a Logic Model

  • Clearly Identifies Program Goals, Objectives, Activities, Desired Outcomes and Impacts
  • Clarifies Assumptions and Relationships Between Program Efforts and Expected Results
  • Supports Development of Effective Proposals
  • Helps Specify What to Measure Through Evaluation
  • Guides Assessment of Underlying Assumptions and Self-Correction

Evaluation Framework

PROCESS EVALUATION
(What did you do?)

Right Arrow, Next

DOCUMENT:
Inputs, Activities, "Dosage"

  • Staff
  • Resources
  • Service intensity and frequency
  • Clients
 

OUTCOME EVALUATION
(Did you achieve your objectives?

Right Arrow, Next

IMPACT EVALUATION
(What effect did it have on your long-term goals?

Identify and collect data on indicators of program effectiveness (What will tell you you're making a difference?)

  • Official records (e.g., number of arrests)
  • Self-report (e.g., frequency of carrying a gun)
  • Attitudes and opinions (e.g., weapons possession)