LAWS OF NEW YORK, 2004
Rockefeller Drug Law Reform

   EXPLANATION--Matter in italics is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted.

                                  CHAPTER 738
AN  ACT  to  amend  the  correction law, the criminal procedure law, the penal law and the executive law, in relation to controlled substances and indeterminate sentences; and repealing certain provisions of the correction law, the criminal procedure law and the penal law relating
to controlled substances and indeterminate sentences

Became  a  law  December  14,  2004,  with the approval of the Governor.
Passed on message of necessity pursuant to Article III, section 14  of
the Constitution by a majority vote, three-fifths being present.

  The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
bly, do enact as follows:
Section 1.  Subdivision 18 of section 2  of  the  correction  law,  as
amended  by  chapter  60  of  the  laws  of  1994, is amended to read as
   follows:
18. "Alcohol and substance  abuse  treatment  correctional  annex."  A
medium security correctional facility consisting of one or more residen-
tial  dormitories  which  provide  intensive alcohol and substance abuse
treatment services to inmateswho: (i) are otherwise eligible for tempo-
rary release, or (ii) stand convicted of a felony defined in article two
hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the penal law, and are with-
in six months of being an eligible inmate as that  term  is  defined  in
subdivision  two  of  section  eight  hundred  fifty-one of this chapter
including such inmates who are participating in such program pursuant to
subdivision six of section 60.04 of the penal law.  Notwithstanding  the
foregoing  provisions  of this subdivision, any inmate to be enrolled in
this program pursuant to subdivision six of section 60.04 of  the  penal
law  shall  be governed by the same rules and regulations promulgated by
the department, including without limitation those rules and regulations
establishing requirements for completion and those rules and regulations
governing discipline and removal from the program.   No such  period  of
court  ordered  corrections  based drug abuse treatment pursuant to this
subdivision shall be required to extend beyond  the  defendant's  condi-
tional  release date.  Such treatment services may be provided by one or
more outside service providers pursuant to contractual  agreements  with
both  the department and the division of parole, provided, however, that
any such provider shall be  required  to  continue  to  provide,  either
directly  or  through formal or informal agreement with other providers,
alcohol and substance abuse  treatment  services  to  inmates  who  have
successfully  participated  in  such  provider's incarcerative treatment
services and who have been paroled or conditionally released  under  the
supervision  of  the  division  of parole and who are, as a condition of
their parole or conditional release, required to participate in  alcohol
or  substance  abuse  treatment.    Such incarcerative services shall be
provided in the facility in accordance with minimum standards promulgat-
ed by the department after consultation with the  office  of  alcoholism
and  substance  abuse  services.  Such  services  to  parolees  shall be
provided in accordance with standards promulgated  by  the  division  of
parole  after  consultation  with the office of alcoholism and substance
abuse services.  Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any  person
who  has  successfully  completed  no  less than six months of intensive
alcohol  and  substance  abuse  treatment services in one of the depart-
ment's eight designated alcohol and substance  abuse  treatment  correc-
tional  annexes  having  a  combined total capacity of two thousand five
hundred fifty beds may be transferred to a program operated by or  at  a
residential  treatment facility, provided however, that a person under a
determinate sentence as a second felony drug  offender  for  a  class  B
felony  offense  defined in article two hundred twenty of the penal law,
who was sentenced pursuant to section 70.70 of such law,  shall  not  be
eligible to be transferred to a program operated at a residential treat-
ment  facility  until  the time served under imprisonment for his or her
determinate sentence, including any jail time credited pursuant  to  the
provisions  of article seventy of the penal law, shall be at least eigh-
teen months.  The commissioner shall report annually  to  the  temporary
president of the senate and the speaker of the assembly commencing Janu-
ary  [1,  1992]first, nineteen hundred ninety-two as to the efficacy of
such programs including but not limited to  a  comparative  analysis  of
state-operated  and  private  sector provision of treatment services and
recidivism.Such report shall  also  include  the  number  of  inmates
received  by  the department during the reporting period who are subject
to a sentence which includes enrollment in substance abuse treatment  in
accordance  with  subdivision six of section 60.04 of the penal law, the
number of such inmates who are not placed in such treatment program  and
the reasons for such occurrences.
§  2.  Subdivision  18 of section 2 of the correction law, as added by
chapter 338 of the laws of 1989, is amended to read as follows:
18. "Alcohol and substance  abuse  treatment  correctional  annex."  A
medium  security  correctional facility consisting of one or more [resi-
dentials]residential dormitories which provide  intensive  alcohol  and
substance  abuse  treatment  services  to inmateswho: (i) are otherwise
eligible for temporary release, or (ii)  stand  convicted  of  a  felony
defined  in  article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the
penal law, and are within six months of being an eligible inmate as that
term is defined in subdivision two of section eight hundred fifty-one of
this chapter including  such  inmates  who  are  participating  in  such
program  pursuant  to subdivision six of section 60.04 of the penal law.
Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this subdivision, any inmate
to be enrolled in this program pursuant to subdivision  six  of  section
60.04  of  the  penal  law shall be governed by the same rules and regu-
lations promulgated by  the  department,  including  without  limitation
those rules and regulations establishing requirements for completion and
those  rules  and  regulations governing discipline and removal from the
program.  No such period of court ordered corrections based  drug  abuse
treatment  pursuant  to  this  subdivision  shall  be required to extend
beyond  the  defendant's  conditional  release  date.    Such  treatment
services may be provided by one or more outside service providers pursu-
ant  to contractual agreements with both the department and the division
of parole, provided, however, that any such provider shall  be  required
to  continue  to  provide, either directly or through formal or informal
agreement with other providers, alcohol and  substance  abuse  treatment
services  to  inmates who have successfully participated in such provid-
er's incarcerative treatment services  and  who  have  been  paroled  or
conditionally  released  under the supervision of the division of parole
and who are, as a condition of  their  parole  or  conditional  release,
required  to  participate  in alcohol or substance abuse treatment. Such
incarcerative services shall be provided in the facility  in  accordance
with  minimum standards promulgated by the department after consultation
with  the  [divisionoffice  of  alcoholism and [alcohol abuse and the
division of] substance abuse services.  Such services to parolees  shall
be  provided in accordance with standards promulgated by the division of
parole after consultation with the [division]office of  alcoholism  and
[alcohol  abuse  and  the  division  of] substance abuse services.   The
commissioner shall report annually to the majority leader of the  senate
and  the  speaker  of  the  assembly commencing January [1, 1992]first,
nineteen hundred ninety-two as to the efficacy of such programs  includ-
ing  but  not  limited  to  a comparative analysis of state-operated and
private sector provision of treatment services  and  recidivism. Such
report  shall also include the number of inmates received by the depart-
ment during the reporting period who are subject  to  a  sentence  which
includes  enrollment  in  substance  abuse  treatment in accordance with
subdivision six of section 60.04 of the penal law, the  number  of  such
inmates who are not placed in such treatment program and the reasons for
such occurrences.
§  3.    Section  851 of the correction law is amended by adding a new
subdivision 2-b to read as follows:
  2-b.  When calculating in advance the date on which  a  person  is  or
will  be  eligible  for  release  on  parole or conditional release, for
purposes of determining eligibility for temporary release or for  place-
ment at an alcohol and substance abuse treatment correctional annex, the
commissioner shall consider and include credit for all potential credits
and reductions including but not limited to merit time and good behavior
allowances.    Nothing  in  this  subdivision  shall  be  interpreted as
precluding the consideration and inclusion of credit for  all  potential
credits  and  reductions  including,  but not limited to, merit time and
good behavior allowances when  calculating  in  advance  for  any  other
purpose the date on which a person is or will be eligible for release on
parole or conditional release.
§ 4. Subdivision 5 of section 439-c of the correction law, as added by
chapter 477 of the laws of 1967, is amended to read as follows:
5.  In the event that a person transferred pursuant to this section is
under an indeterminateor  determinate  sentence  of  imprisonment,  the
provisions  of subdivisions three, four and five of section four hundred
thirty-nine-aof this article shall apply to such transfer  in  lieu  of
the provisions of subdivisions three and four of this section.
§  5. Subdivision (a) of section 601 of the correction law, as amended
by chapter 227 of the laws of 1981, is amended to read as follows:
(a) Whenever an inmate shall be delivered to the superintendent  of  a
state  correctional facility pursuant to an indeterminateor determinate
sentence, the officer so delivering such inmate shall  deliver  to  such
superintendent,  a certified copy of the sentence received by such offi-
cer from the clerk of the court by which such  inmate  shall  have  been
sentenced, a copy of the report of the probation officer's investigation
and  report  or  a detailed statement covering the facts relative to the
crime and previous history certified by the district attorney, a copy of
the inmate's  fingerprint  records,  a  detailed  summary  of  available
medical  records,  psychiatric records and reports relating to assaults,
or other violent acts, attempts at suicide or escape by the inmate while
in the custody of the local correctional facility; any such  medical  or
psychiatric  records  in  the possession of a health care provider other
than the local correctional facility shall be summarized in  detail  and
forwarded  by  such  health care provider to the medical director of the
appropriate state correctional facility upon request; the superintendent
shall present to such officer a certificate  of  the  delivery  of  such
inmate,  and the fees of such officer for transporting such inmate shall
be paid from the treasury upon the audit and warrant of the comptroller.
Whenever an inmate of the state is delivered to a  local  facility,  the
superintendent  shall  forward  summaries  of  such records to the local
facility with the inmate.
§ 6. Subdivision (b) of section 601 of the correction law, as added by
chapter 39 of the laws of 1977, is amended to read as follows:
(b) Whenever an inmate is sentenced by a court of  this  state  to  an
indeterminate or  determinate  sentence,  but the inmate is immediately
returned to a correctional facility under the jurisdiction of the United
States or of a sister state, the clerk of the  court  shall  immediately
send  to  the  commissioner  of  the  department a certified copy of the
sentence, a copy of the probation report and a copy of  the  fingerprint
records of the inmate.
§  7.  Paragraph (d) of subdivision 1 of section 803 of the correction
law is REPEALED and a new paragraph (d) is added to read as follows:
  (d) (i) Except as provided in subparagraph  (ii)  of  this  paragraph,
every person under the custody of the department or confined in a facil-
ity  in  the  department  of  mental  hygiene  serving  an indeterminate
sentence of imprisonment with a minimum period of one year or more or  a
determinate  sentence of imprisonment of one year or more imposed pursu-
ant to section 70.70 or 70.71 of the penal law, may earn  a  merit  time
allowance.
  (ii)  Such  merit  time allowance shall not be available to any person
serving an indeterminate sentence authorized for an A-I felony  offense,
other  than  an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred twenty
of the penal law, or any sentence imposed for a violent  felony  offense
as defined in section 70.02 of the penal law, manslaughter in the second
degree,   vehicular   manslaughter   in  the  second  degree,  vehicular
manslaughter in the first  degree,  criminally  negligent  homicide,  an
offense  defined in article one hundred thirty of the penal law, incest,
or an offense defined in article two hundred sixty-three  of  the  penal
law, or aggravated harassment of an employee by an inmate.
  (iii)  The  merit  time allowance credit against the minimum period of
the indeterminate sentence shall be  one-sixth  of  the  minimum  period
imposed  by  the court except that such credit shall be one-third of the
minimum period imposed by the court for an A-I felony offense defined in
article two hundred twenty of the penal law.   In the  case  of  such  a
determinate  sentence,  in addition to the time allowance credit author-
ized by paragraph (c) of this  subdivision,  the  merit  time  allowance
credited  against  the term of the determinate sentence pursuant to this
paragraph shall be one-seventh of the term imposed by the court.
  (iv) Such merit time allowance may be granted when an inmate  success-
fully  participates  in the work and treatment program assigned pursuant
to section eight hundred five of  this  article  and  when  such  inmate
obtains  a  general  equivalency diploma, an alcohol and substance abuse
treatment certificate, a vocational trade certificate following at least
six months of vocational programming or performs at least  four  hundred
hours of service as part of a community work crew.
  Such  allowance shall be withheld for any serious disciplinary infrac-
tion or upon a judicial determination that the person, while an  inmate,
commenced  or  continued  a  civil  action, proceeding or claim that was
found to be frivolous as defined in subdivision  (c)  of  section  eight
thousand  three  hundred three-a of the civil practice law and rules, or
an order of a federal court pursuant to rule 11 of the federal rules  of
civil  procedure  imposing sanctions in an action commenced by a person,
while an inmate, against a state agency, officer or employee.
  (v) The provisions of this paragraph shall apply to persons in custody
serving  an  indeterminate  sentence on the effective date of this para-
graph as well as to persons sentenced to an  indeterminate  sentence  on
and  after  the  effective date of this paragraph and prior to September
first, two thousand five and  to  persons  sentenced  to  a  determinate
sentence  prior  to September first, two thousand eleven for a felony as
defined in article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one  of  the
penal law.
§  8. Subdivision 1 of section 803 of the correction law is amended by
adding a new paragraph (d) to read as follows:
  (d) (i) Except as provided in subparagraph  (ii)  of  this  paragraph,
every person under the custody of the department or confined in a facil-
ity  in  the  department  of  mental  hygiene  serving  an indeterminate
sentence of imprisonment with a minimum period of one year or more or  a
determinate  sentence of imprisonment of one year or more imposed pursu-
ant to section 70.70 or 70.71 of the penal law, may earn  a  merit  time
allowance.
  (ii)  Such  merit  time allowance shall not be available to any person
serving an indeterminate sentence authorized for an A-I felony  offense,
other  than  an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred twenty
of the penal law, or any sentence imposed for a violent  felony  offense
as defined in section 70.02 of the penal law, manslaughter in the second
degree,   vehicular   manslaughter   in  the  second  degree,  vehicular
manslaughter in the first  degree,  criminally  negligent  homicide,  an
offense  defined in article one hundred thirty of the penal law, incest,
or an offense defined in article two hundred sixty-three  of  the  penal
law, or aggravated harassment of an employee by an inmate.
  (iii)  The  merit  time allowance credit against the minimum period of
the indeterminate sentence shall be  one-sixth  of  the  minimum  period
imposed  by the court, except that such credit shall be one-third of the
minimum period imposed by the court for an A-I felony offense defined in
article two hundred twenty of the penal law.   In the  case  of  such  a
determinate  sentence,  in addition to the time allowance credit author-
ized by paragraph (c) of this  subdivision,  the  merit  time  allowance
credited  against  the term of the determinate sentence pursuant to this
paragraph shall be one-seventh of the term imposed by the court.
  (iv) Such allowance may be granted when an inmate successfully partic-
ipates in the work and treatment program assigned  pursuant  to  section
eight hundred five of this article and when such inmate obtains a gener-
al equivalency diploma, an alcohol and substance abuse treatment certif-
icate,  a  vocational trade certificate following at least six months of
vocational programming or  performs  at  least  four  hundred  hours  of
service as part of a community work crew.
  Such  allowance shall be withheld for any serious disciplinary infrac-
tion or upon a judicial determination that the person, while an  inmate,
commenced  or  continued  a  civil  action, proceeding or claim that was
found to be frivolous as defined in subdivision  (c)  of  section  eight
thousand  three  hundred three-a of the civil practice law and rules, or
an order of a federal court pursuant to rule 11 of the federal rules  of
civil  procedure  imposing sanctions in an action commenced by a person,
while an inmate, against a state agency, officer or employee.
  (v) The provisions of this paragraph shall apply to persons in custody
serving an indeterminate sentence on the effective date  of  this  para-
graph  as  well  as to persons sentenced to an indeterminate sentence on
and after the effective date of this paragraph and  prior  to  September
first,  two  thousand  five  and  to  persons sentenced to a determinate
sentence prior to September first, two thousand eleven for a  felony  as
defined  in  article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the
penal law.
§ 9. Subdivision 2-a of section 803 of the correction law is  REPEALED
and a new subdivision 2-a is added to read as follows:
  2-a.    If  a person is serving more than one sentence, the authorized
merit time allowances may be granted against  the  period  or  aggregate
minimum  period  of  the indeterminate sentence or sentences, or against
the term or aggregate term of the determinate sentence or sentences,  or
where  consecutive determinate and indeterminate sentences are involved,
against the aggregate minimum period as calculated pursuant to  subpara-
graph  (iv)  of paragraph (a) of subdivision one of section 70.40 of the
penal law.  Such allowances shall be calculated as follows:
  (a) A person serving two or more  indeterminate  sentences  which  run
concurrently  may receive a merit time allowance not to exceed one-sixth
of the minimum period of  the  indeterminate  sentence  imposed  for  an
offense  other than an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred
twenty of the penal law, or one-third of the minimum period of the inde-
terminate sentence imposed for an A-I felony offense defined in  article
two  hundred twenty of the penal law, whichever allowance results in the
longest unexpired time to run.
  (b) A person serving two or more  indeterminate  sentences  which  run
consecutively  may  receive  a  merit  time  allowance not to exceed the
amount of one-third of the minimum or aggregate minimum  period  of  the
sentences  imposed  for  an  A-I  felony  offense defined in article two
hundred twenty of the penal law, plus one-sixth of the minimum or aggre-
gate minimum period of the sentences imposed for an offense  other  than
such A-I felony offense.
  (c)  A person serving two or more determinate sentences for an offense
defined in article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one  of  the
penal  law which run concurrently may receive a merit time allowance not
to exceed one-seventh of the term of the determinate sentence which  has
the longest unexpired time to run.
  (d)  A person serving two or more determinate sentences for an offense
defined in article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one  of  the
penal law which run consecutively may receive a merit time allowance not
to  exceed  one-seventh  of  the  aggregate  term  of  such  determinate
sentences.
  (e) A person serving one or more indeterminate sentences  and  one  or
more determinate sentences for an offense defined in article two hundred
twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the penal law which run concurrently
may  receive a merit time allowance not to exceed one-sixth of the mini-
mum period of the indeterminate sentence imposed for  an  offense  other
than  an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred twenty of the
penal law, one-third of the minimum period of the indeterminate sentence
imposed for an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred  twenty
of  the  penal  law,  or  one-seventh  of  the  term  of the determinate
sentence, whichever allowance results in the largest unexpired  time  to
run.
  (f)  A  person  serving one or more indeterminate sentences and one or
more determinate sentences which run consecutively may receive  a  merit
time  allowance  not  to  exceed  the sum of one-sixth of the minimum or
aggregate minimum period of  the  indeterminate  sentence  or  sentences
imposed for an offense other than an A-I felony offense defined in arti-
cle  two  hundred  twenty  of the penal law, one-third of the minimum or
aggregate minimum period of  the  indeterminate  sentence  or  sentences
imposed  for an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred twenty
of the penal law and one-seventh of the term or aggregate  term  of  the
determinate sentence or sentences.
  (g)  The  provisions  of  this  subdivision  shall apply to persons in
custody serving an indeterminate sentence on the effective date of  this
subdivision as well as to persons sentenced to an indeterminate sentence
on and after the effective date of this subdivision and prior to Septem-
ber  first,  two thousand five and to persons sentenced to a determinate
sentence prior to September first, two thousand eleven for a  felony  as
defined  in  article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the
penal law.
§ 10. Section 803 of the correction law is amended  by  adding  a  new
subdivision 2-a to read as follows:
  2-a.    If  a person is serving more than one sentence, the authorized
merit time allowances may be granted against  the  period  or  aggregate
minimum  period  of  the indeterminate sentence or sentences, or against
the term or aggregate term of the determinate sentence or sentences,  or
where  consecutive determinate and indeterminate sentences are involved,
against the aggregate minimum period as calculated pursuant to  subpara-
graph  (iv)  of paragraph (a) of subdivision one of section 70.40 of the
penal law.  Such allowances shall be calculated as follows:
  (a) A person serving two or more  indeterminate  sentences  which  run
concurrently  may receive a merit time allowance not to exceed one-sixth
of the minimum period of  the  indeterminate  sentence  imposed  for  an
offense  other than an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred
twenty of the penal law, or one-third of the minimum period of the inde-
terminate sentence imposed for an A-I felony offense defined in  article
two  hundred  twenty  of  the penal law, which has the longest unexpired
time to run.
  (b) A person serving two or more  indeterminate  sentences  which  run
consecutively  may  receive  a  merit  time  allowance not to exceed the
amount of one-third of the minimum or aggregate minimum  period  of  the
sentences  imposed  for  an  A-I  felony  offense defined in article two
hundred twenty of the penal law, plus one-sixth of the minimum or aggre-
gate minimum period of the sentences imposed for an offense  other  than
such A-I felony offense.
  (c)  A person serving two or more determinate sentences for an offense
defined in article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one  of  the
penal  law which run concurrently may receive a merit time allowance not
to exceed one-seventh of the term of the determinate sentence which  has
the longest unexpired time to run.
  (d)  A person serving two or more determinate sentences for an offense
defined in article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one  of  the
penal law which run consecutively may receive a merit time allowance not
to  exceed  one-seventh  of  the  aggregate  term  of  such  determinate
sentences.
  (e) A person serving one or more indeterminate sentences  and  one  or
more determinate sentences for an offense defined in article two hundred
twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the penal law which run concurrently
may  receive a merit time allowance not to exceed one-sixth of the mini-
mum period of the indeterminate sentence imposed for  an  offense  other
CHAP. 738                          8
than  an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred twenty of the
penal law, one-third of the minimum period of the indeterminate sentence
imposed for an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred  twenty
of  the  penal  law,  or  one-seventh  of  the  term  of the determinate
sentence, whichever allowance is greatest.
  (f) A person serving one or more indeterminate sentences  and  one  or
more  determinate  sentences which run consecutively may receive a merit
time allowance not to exceed the sum of  one-sixth  of  the  minimum  or
aggregate  minimum  period  of  the  indeterminate sentence or sentences
imposed for an offense other than an A-I felony offense defined in arti-
cle two hundred twenty of the penal law, one-third  of  the  minimum  or
aggregate  minimum  period  of  the  indeterminate sentence or sentences
imposed for an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred  twenty
of  the  penal  law and one-seventh of the term or aggregate term of the
determinate sentence or sentences.
  (g) The provisions of this  subdivision  shall  apply  to  persons  in
custody  serving an indeterminate sentence on the effective date of this
subdivision as well as to persons sentenced to an indeterminate sentence
on and after the effective date of this subdivision and prior to Septem-
ber first, two thousand five and to persons sentenced to  a  determinate
sentence  prior  to September first, two thousand eleven for a felony as
defined in article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one  of  the
penal law.
§  10-a.  The opening paragraph of subdivision 1 of section 803 of the
correction law is designated paragraph (a) and a new  paragraph  (d)  is
added to read as follows:
  (d)  (i)  Except  as  provided in subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph,
every person under the custody of the department or confined in a facil-
ity in  the  department  of  mental  hygiene  serving  an  indeterminate
sentence  of imprisonment with a minimum period of one year or more or a
determinate sentence of imprisonment of one year or more imposed  pursu-
ant  to  section  70.70 or 70.71 of the penal law, may earn a merit time
allowance.
  (ii) Such merit time allowance shall not be available  to  any  person
serving  an indeterminate sentence authorized for an A-I felony offense,
other than an A-I felony offense defined in article two  hundred  twenty
of  the  penal law, or any sentence imposed for a violent felony offense
as defined in section 70.02 of the penal law, manslaughter in the second
degree,  vehicular  manslaughter  in  the   second   degree,   vehicular
manslaughter  in  the  first  degree,  criminally negligent homicide, an
offense defined in article one hundred thirty of the penal law,  incest,
or  an  offense  defined in article two hundred sixty-three of the penal
law, or aggravated harassment of an employee by an inmate.
  (iii) The merit time allowance credit against the  minimum  period  of
the  indeterminate  sentence  shall  be  one-sixth of the minimum period
imposed by the court except that such credit shall be one-third  of  the
minimum period imposed by the court for an A-I felony offense defined in
article  two  hundred  twenty  of the penal law.   In the case of such a
determinate sentence, in addition to the time allowance  credit  author-
ized  by  paragraph  (c)  of  this subdivision, the merit time allowance
credited against the term of the determinate sentence pursuant  to  this
paragraph shall be one-seventh of the term imposed by the court.
  (iv)  Such merit time allowance may be granted when an inmate success-
fully participates in the work and treatment program  assigned  pursuant
to  section  eight  hundred  five  of  this article and when such inmate
obtains a general equivalency diploma, an alcohol  and  substance  abuse
treatment certificate, a vocational trade certificate following at least
six  months  of vocational programming or performs at least four hundred
hours of service as part of a community work crew.
  Such  allowance shall be withheld for any serious disciplinary infrac-
tion or upon a judicial determination that the person, while an  inmate,
commenced  or  continued  a  civil  action, proceeding or claim that was
found to be frivolous as defined in subdivision  (c)  of  section  eight
thousand  three  hundred three-a of the civil practice law and rules, or
an order of a federal court pursuant to rule 11 of the federal rules  of
civil  procedure  imposing sanctions in an action commenced by a person,
while an inmate, against a state agency, officer or employee.
  (v) The provisions of this paragraph shall apply to persons in custody
serving an indeterminate sentence on the effective date  of  this  para-
graph  as  well  as to persons sentenced to an indeterminate sentence on
and after the effective date of this paragraph and  prior  to  September
first,  two  thousand  five  and  to  persons sentenced to a determinate
sentence prior to September first, two thousand eleven for a  felony  as
defined  in  article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the
penal law.
§ 11. Section 803 of the correction law is amended by adding  two  new
subdivisions 1-a and 2-a to read as follows:
  1-a.  A  person  serving  a  determinate  sentence imposed pursuant to
section 70.70 or 70.71 of the penal law may  receive  a  time  allowance
against the term of his or her sentence not to exceed one-seventh of the
term imposed by the court.
  2-a.  If  a  person  is serving more than one sentence, the authorized
merit time allowances may be granted against  the  period  or  aggregate
minimum  period  of  the indeterminate sentence or sentences, or against
the term or aggregate term of the determinate sentence or sentences,  or
where  consecutive determinate and indeterminate sentences are involved,
against the aggregate minimum period as calculated pursuant to  subpara-
graph  (iv)  of paragraph (a) of subdivision one of section 70.40 of the
penal law.  Such allowances shall be calculated as follows:
  (a) A person serving two or more  indeterminate  sentences  which  run
concurrently  may receive a merit time allowance not to exceed one-sixth
of the minimum period of  the  indeterminate  sentence  imposed  for  an
offense  other than an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred
twenty of the penal law, or one-third of the minimum period of the inde-
terminate sentence imposed for an A-I felony offense defined in  article
two  hundred twenty of the penal law, whichever allowance results in the
longest unexpired time to run.
  (b) A person serving two or more  indeterminate  sentences  which  run
consecutively  may  receive  a  merit  time  allowance not to exceed the
amount of one-third of the minimum or aggregate minimum  period  of  the
sentences  imposed  for  an  A-I  felony  offense defined in article two
hundred twenty of the penal law, plus one-sixth of the minimum or aggre-
gate minimum period of the sentences imposed for an offense  other  than
such A-I felony offense.
  (c)  A person serving two or more determinate sentences for an offense
defined in article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one  of  the
penal  law which run concurrently may receive a merit time allowance not
to exceed one-seventh of the term of the determinate sentence which  has
the longest unexpired time to run.
  (d)  A person serving two or more determinate sentences for an offense
defined in article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one  of  the
penal law which run consecutively may receive a merit time allowance not
to  exceed  one-seventh  of  the  aggregate  term  of  such  determinate
sentences.
  (e)  A  person  serving one or more indeterminate sentences and one or
more determinate sentences for an offense defined in article two hundred
twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the penal law which run concurrently
   may receive a merit time allowance not to exceed one-sixth of the  mini-
mum  period  of  the indeterminate sentence imposed for an offense other
than an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred twenty of  the
penal law, one-third of the minimum period of the indeterminate sentence
imposed  for an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred twenty
of the penal  law,  or  one-seventh  of  the  term  of  the  determinate
sentence,  whichever  allowance results in the largest unexpired time to
run.
  (f) A person serving one or more indeterminate sentences  and  one  or
more  determinate  sentences which run consecutively may receive a merit
time allowance not to exceed the sum of  one-sixth  of  the  minimum  or
   aggregate  minimum  period  of  the  indeterminate sentence or sentences
imposed for an offense other than an A-I felony offense defined in arti-
cle two hundred twenty of the penal law, one-third  of  the  minimum  or
aggregate  minimum  period  of  the  indeterminate sentence or sentences
imposed for an A-I felony offense defined in article two hundred  twenty
of  the  penal  law and one-seventh of the term or aggregate term of the
determinate sentence or sentences.
  (g) The provisions of this  subdivision  shall  apply  to  persons  in
custody  serving an indeterminate sentence on the effective date of this
subdivision as well as to persons sentenced to an indeterminate sentence
on and after the effective date of this subdivision and prior to Septem-
ber first, two thousand five and to persons sentenced to  a  determinate
sentence  prior  to September first, two thousand eleven for a felony as
defined in article two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one  of  the
penal law.
§ 11-a. The correction law is amended by adding a new section 803-a to
read as follows:
  §  803-a.  Certain calculations. Notwithstanding the provisions of any
other law, no merit time allowance accrued, earned or  credited  to  any
person,  pursuant  to any existing or former section eight hundred three
of this article, while in the custody  of  the  commissioner,  shall  be
withdrawn,  cancelled,  forfeited  or  otherwise  lost  by virtue of the
sunset or expiration of any provision of law.
§ 12. The opening paragraph of subdivision 2 of  section  851  of  the
correction law, as amended by chapter 92 of the laws of 1996, is amended
to read as follows:
"Eligible  inmate"  means:  a person confined in an institution who is
eligible for release on parole or who will become eligible  for  release
on  parole  or conditional release within two years.  Provided, however,
that a person under sentence for an offense defined  in  paragraphs  (a)
and (b) of subdivision one of section 70.02 of the penal law, where such
offense involved the use or threatened use of a deadly weapon or danger-
ous  instrument  shall  not be eligible to participate in a work release
program until he or she is eligible for release on parole or who will be
eligible for release on parole or conditional  release  within  eighteen
months. Provided,  further,  however, that a person under a determinate
sentence as a second felony drug offender for a class B  felony  offense
defined  in  article  two  hundred  twenty  of  the  penal  law, who was
sentenced pursuant to section 70.70 of such law, shall not  be  eligible
to  participate  in  a  temporary  release program until the time served
under imprisonment for his or her determinate  sentence,  including  any
jail  time credited pursuant to the provisions of article seventy of the
penal law, shall be at least eighteen months. In the case  of  a  person
serving  an  indeterminate  sentence of imprisonment imposed pursuant to
the penal law in effect after September one, nineteen hundred sixty-sev-
en, for the purposes of this article parole eligibility  shall  be  upon
the  expiration of the minimum period of imprisonment fixed by the court
or where the court has not fixed any period, after service of the  mini-
mum  period  fixed  by the state board of parole. If an inmate is denied
release on parole, such inmate shall not be deemed  an  eligible  inmate
until heor she is within two years of his or her next scheduled appear-
ance  before  the  state  parole  board.  In any case where an inmate is
denied release on parole while  participating  in  a  temporary  release
program,  the department shall review the status of the inmate to deter-
mine if continued placement in the program  is  appropriate.  No  person
convicted  of  any  escape  or absconding offense defined in article two
hundred five of the penal law shall be eligible for  temporary  release.
Further,  no  person  under  sentence  for  aggravated  harassment of an
employee by an inmate as defined in section 240.32 of the penal law, any
homicide offense defined in article one hundred twenty-five of the penal
law or of any sex offense defined in article one hundred thirty  of  the
penal  law  or  of  section 255.25 of the penal law shall be eligible to
participate in a work release program as defined in subdivision three of
this section.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, no person who is an other-
wise eligible inmate who is under sentence for a  crime  involving:  (a)
infliction  of  serious  physical  injury upon another as defined in the
penal law or (b) any other offense involving the use or  threatened  use
of  a deadly weapon may participate in a temporary release program with-
out the written approval of the  commissioner.  The  commissioner  shall
promulgate regulations giving direction to the temporary release commit-
tee  at each institution in order to aid such committees in carrying out
this mandate.
§ 13. The opening paragraph of subdivision 2 of  section  851  of  the
   correction  law,  as  amended  by  chapter  447  of the laws of 1991, is
amended to read as follows:
"Eligible inmate" means: a person confined in an  institution  who  is
eligible  for  release on parole or who will become eligible for release
on parole or conditional release within  two  years. Provided,  that  a
person under a determinate sentence as a second felony drug offender for
a  class  B  felony offense defined in article two hundred twenty of the
penal law, who was sentenced pursuant to  section  70.70  of  such  law,
shall  not  be  eligible  to  participate in a temporary release program
until the time served under imprisonment  for  his  or  her  determinate
sentence, including any jail time credited pursuant to the provisions of
article seventy of the penal law, shall be at least eighteen months.  In
the  case  of a person serving an indeterminate sentence of imprisonment
imposed pursuant to the penal law in effect after September  one,  nine-
teen hundred sixty-seven, for the purposes of this article parole eligi-
bility  shall  be upon the expiration of the minimum period of imprison-
ment fixed by the court or where the court has  not  fixed  any  period,
after  service of the minimum period fixed by the state board of parole.
If an inmate is denied release on  parole,  such  inmate  shall  not  be
deemed  an eligible inmate until heor she is within two years of his or
her next scheduled appearance before the state parole board. In any case
where an inmate is denied release on parole  while  participating  in  a
temporary release program, the department shall review the status of the

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